What is the Cuisine of Vietnam?

Rate this post

Vietnamese cuisine is known for its bold, fresh flavors and unique cooking techniques. The cuisine is a reflection of Vietnam’s history and diverse culture. It is a perfect blend of influences from neighboring countries and colonial powers like France. Vietnamese cuisine has gained popularity worldwide, with an emphasis on healthy and flavorful ingredients.

Historical Background of Vietnamese Cuisine

Vietnamese cuisine has a rich history dating back thousands of years. The cuisine has been influenced by various countries and cultures that have interacted with Vietnam. The most significant influences on Vietnamese cuisine have been China and France. China’s influence on Vietnamese cuisine can be traced back to the first century BC. Chinese food was introduced to Vietnam when China conquered the country. Vietnam adopted many Chinese cooking techniques, ingredients, and dishes, which are still prevalent in Vietnamese cuisine today.

France’s influence on Vietnamese cuisine started in the late 19th century when France colonized Vietnam. French cooking techniques and ingredients were introduced to Vietnam, and the French influence can be seen in dishes like Banh Mi, a Vietnamese sandwich made with French-style bread.

Apart from these two main influences, Vietnamese cuisine also has regional differences. Each region in Vietnam has its unique cuisine, reflecting the local climate, geography, and culture. For instance, Northern Vietnamese cuisine is heavily influenced by China, while Southern Vietnamese cuisine has more flavors influenced by Cambodia and Thailand. Central Vietnamese cuisine is a blend of both northern and southern cuisine.

Common Ingredients in Vietnamese Cuisine

Vietnamese cuisine is known for its use of fresh, healthy ingredients. The most common ingredient in Vietnamese cuisine is rice. Rice is a staple food in Vietnam and is used in various dishes, including noodles, soups, and desserts. Rice noodles are used in popular dishes like pho and bun cha.

Another essential ingredient in Vietnamese cuisine is fish sauce, which is used in many dishes to add flavor. It is made from fermented fish and has a salty, savory taste. Fish sauce is used as a dipping sauce, marinade, and seasoning for many Vietnamese dishes.

Vietnamese cuisine also uses a variety of herbs and spices. Some of the most commonly used herbs include lemongrass, mint, cilantro, and basil. These herbs are used to add freshness and flavor to dishes like spring rolls and noodle salads.

Meat and seafood are also essential components of Vietnamese cuisine. Pork is the most commonly used meat, followed by chicken and beef. Seafood is also prevalent, and dishes like grilled fish and shrimp spring rolls are popular.

Popular Vietnamese Dishes

Vietnamese cuisine has a wide variety of dishes, each with its unique flavor and texture. Here are some of the most popular Vietnamese dishes:


Pho is a traditional Vietnamese noodle soup made with beef or chicken, rice noodles, and herbs. It is a staple breakfast food in Vietnam and is known for its comforting and satisfying taste.

Banh Mi

Banh Mi is a Vietnamese sandwich made with French-style bread, meat, pickled vegetables, and herbs. It is a perfect example of the French influence on Vietnamese cuisine.

Bun Cha

Bun Cha is a dish made with grilled pork, rice noodles, and herbs. It is served with a dipping sauce made from fish sauce, vinegar, sugar, and chili.

Com Tam

Com Tam is a dish made with broken rice, grilled pork, and a fried egg. It is a popular street food in Vietnam and is known for its simple yet delicious taste.

These are just a few of the many delicious dishes that make up Vietnamese cuisine. Vietnamese food is a celebration of fresh, healthy ingredients, bold flavors, and unique cooking techniques.

Eating Traditions and Customs in Vietnam

Vietnamese cuisine is not just about the food; it is also about the eating traditions and customs. Dining etiquette in Vietnam is essential, and there are certain rules that you should follow when dining with locals. For example, it is customary to wait for the oldest person to start eating before starting your meal. It is also considered impolite to leave food on your plate, so only take what you can eat.

Family-style dining is prevalent in Vietnam, where everyone shares dishes. It is a way to bring people together and share the food. The dishes served in family-style dining are usually placed in the middle of the table and shared by everyone. This tradition emphasizes communal eating, which is an essential aspect of Vietnamese culture.

Street food culture is another significant aspect of Vietnamese cuisine. Street food stalls can be found in every corner of Vietnam, and they offer a wide range of dishes at an affordable price. Street food is a way of life in Vietnam, and many locals and tourists alike enjoy the experience of eating on the street. From Pho to Banh Mi, there is no shortage of delicious street food in Vietnam.


Vietnamese cuisine is a reflection of Vietnam’s history, culture, and geography. It is a perfect blend of flavors, techniques, and ingredients that make it unique and flavorful. Vietnamese cuisine has gained popularity worldwide, and it is no surprise why. With its emphasis on fresh ingredients, bold flavors, and healthy options, Vietnamese cuisine is becoming a favorite of many.

Vietnam Culture is a website that provides updated articles on various aspects of Vietnamese culture, including traditional customs, art, cuisine, tourism, people, and modern fashion. We hope that this article has given you a deeper understanding of Vietnamese cuisine and its significance in Vietnamese culture. The future of Vietnamese cuisine looks bright, and we can expect to see more innovative dishes and techniques in the years to come. In conclusion, Vietnamese cuisine is a true culinary delight that everyone should experience.

Related Articles

Back to top button