What is Family Life Like in Vietnam?

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Family is an essential and integral part of Vietnamese culture. The family unit plays a vital role in shaping and defining Vietnamese society. Family values are deeply ingrained in the Vietnamese way of life, and they are reflected in the traditions, customs, and rituals of the country. In this article, we will explore what family life is like in Vietnam, including the family structure, gender roles, parenting styles, and family values.

Family Structure

Vietnamese families are typically large and extended, with several generations living under the same roof. The traditional Vietnamese family structure follows the Confucian model, which places great importance on hierarchy and respect for authority. The head of the family is usually the father or grandfather, and he holds the ultimate decision-making power.

The extended family includes grandparents, parents, children, and sometimes siblings and their families. The eldest son and his wife usually live with the parents to take care of them and inherit the family property. The youngest son and his wife are expected to take care of the parents when they get old.

However, in modern Vietnam, the traditional family structure is slowly changing as more people move to urban areas and adopt a nuclear family structure. Nuclear families consist of parents and their children living separately from their extended family. This change is primarily due to the increasing number of young people moving to cities for work and education.

Gender Roles

Gender roles in Vietnamese families are typically traditional, with women expected to fulfill domestic duties such as cooking, cleaning, and taking care of the children. Men, on the other hand, are expected to be the breadwinners and take care of the family financially.

However, with the rise of modernization and education, gender roles are gradually changing. More women are taking on professional careers, and men are becoming more involved in household chores and childcare. Despite this change, gender equality is still a work in progress in Vietnam.

Parenting Styles

Traditional Vietnamese parenting styles are authoritarian, with parents expecting obedience and respect from their children. Children are expected to follow strict rules and regulations, and punishment is often harsh and physical.

However, with the influence of western culture and modernization, Vietnamese parenting styles are gradually shifting towards a more democratic approach. Parents are becoming more open-minded, and communication between parents and children is becoming more important. Children are encouraged to express their opinions and ideas, and parents are more willing to negotiate and compromise.

In conclusion, family life in Vietnam is deeply rooted in tradition and culture, with the family unit playing a significant role in shaping and defining Vietnamese society. Although there are changes in family structure, gender roles, and parenting styles, the importance of family values and respect for elders remains a fundamental aspect of Vietnamese culture. At Vietnam Culture, we strive to provide updated articles on various aspects of Vietnamese culture, including traditional customs, art, cuisine, tourism, people, and modern fashion.

Family Values

Family values are an essential aspect of Vietnamese culture and are deeply rooted in the Confucian tradition. The Vietnamese place great importance on family unity, respect for elders, and filial piety.

Filial piety is the most crucial value in Vietnamese culture, and it refers to the respect and devotion that children owe to their parents. This value is instilled in children from a young age, and it is considered a moral obligation to take care of one’s parents in their old age.

Another essential family value in Vietnam is the concept of face-saving. This value is about preserving one’s honor, reputation, and dignity in the eyes of others. Vietnamese families strive to maintain a good reputation in their community, and they avoid acting in ways that could bring shame or embarrassment to their family.


In conclusion, family life in Vietnam is deeply rooted in tradition and reflects the country’s cultural values. The traditional family structure in Vietnam is large and extended, with several generations living under the same roof. However, as Vietnam becomes more modernized, the nuclear family structure is becoming more prevalent. Family values such as filial piety and face-saving are essential to Vietnamese culture and are instilled in children from a young age. At Xeno Saga, we recognize the importance of family in Vietnamese culture and strive to promote and preserve these values through our articles and content.

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